The Global Peace Index measures peace for 162 countries according to 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators, finding Iceland to come top of the world with a score of 1.148, as demonstrated by the below visualisation by Statista.
Six of the ten most peaceful countries are in Europe, while the most violent countries were Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.
Iceland’s national cost of violence was estimated by the index to be £157m.
The United Kingdom placed 39th in the rankings, with a score of 1.685, averaging worst for militarisation (2.2) out of the three subcategories.
The UK’s score for nuclear and heavy weapons was five out of five, making it joint top for lack of peace with a number of other countries for this category.
The UK’s national cost of violence was estimated by the index to be £90.7bn.