All of the MPs who just voted to break international law

All of the MPs who just voted to break international law
Peter Summers / OLI SCARFF / TOLGA AKMEN / Getty Images

A bill that breaks international law has passed a vote through the House of Commons.

The Internal Markets Bill, which allows the government to renege on Brexit arrangements already agreed on with the EU, was voted through with 340 ayes to 213 noes. A Labour amendment seeking to block the bill was also defeated.

Although the bill passed, it has not yet been enshrined into law. This was the bill's second reading in the Commons: it must win a third vote there before moving on to the House of Lords.

If ratified, the bill will "break international law in a limited and specific way", according to Northern Ireland secretary Brandon Lewis.

As well as allowing the government to violate parts of the agreement Boris Johnson negotiated with the EU (and which he repeatedly described as an "oven ready" Brexit deal), the bill will return some devolved government powers to Westminster.

There are also fears it will undermine the Good Friday agreement between Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic, particularly if it helps to enable a no-deal Brexit that entails checks on goods along the Irish border.

Johnson's government was fiercely challenged in the Commons by former Labour leader Ed Miliband over the proposed breach of international law.

But it's not just Labour which opposes the Internal Markets Bill.

Five former prime ministers have also spoken out against it: Theresa May, David Cameron, Gordon Brown, Tony Blair and John Major.

Two Conservative MPs voted against the bill – Roger Gale and Andrew Percy – and 30 abstained. Of these, some were senior level Tory politicians including former chancellor Sajid Javid and former attorney general Geoffrey Cox.

But seven DUP, one independent and 332 Tory MPs did vote in favour of the Internal Markets Bill and, by extension, to break international law. Their names are:


James Morris

Maggie Throup


Nigel Adams

Bim Afolami

Adam Afriyie

Imran Ahmad Khan

Nickie Aiken

Peter Aldous

Lucy Allan

David Amess

Lee Anderson

Stuart Anderson

Caroline Ansell

Edward Argar

Sarah Atherton

Victoria Atkins

Gareth Bacon

Richard Bacon

Kemi Badenoch

Shaun Bailey

Siobhan Baillie

Duncan Baker

Steve Baker

Harriett Baldwin

Steve Barclay

John Baron

Simon Baynes

Aaron Bell

Scott Benton

Paul Beresford

Jake Berry

Saqib Bhatti

Bob Blackman

Peter Bone

Peter Bottomley

Andrew Bowie

Ben Bradley

Suella Braverman

Jack Brereton

Andrew Bridgen

Steve Brine

Paul Bristow

Sara Britcliffe

James Brokenshire

Anthony Browne

Fiona Bruce

Felicity Buchan

Robert Buckland

Alex Burghart

Conor Burns

Rob Butler

Alun Cairns

Andy Carter

James Cartlidge

William Cash

Miriam Cates

Maria Caulfield

Alex Chalk

Jo Churchill

Greg Clark

Simon Clarke

Theo Clarke

Brendan Clarke-Smith

Chris Clarkson

James Cleverly

Geoffrey Clifton-Brown

Thérèse Coffey

Elliot Colburn

Damian Collins

Alberto Costa

Robert Courts

Claire Coutinho

Stephen Crabb

Virginia Crosbie

Tracey Crouch

James Daly

David T C Davies

James Davies

Gareth Davies

Mims Davies

Philip Davies

David Davis

Dehenna Davison

Caroline Dinenage

Sarah Dines

Jonathan Djanogly

Leo Docherty

Michelle Donelan

Nadine Dorries

Steve Double

Oliver Dowden

Richard Drax

Flick Drummond

James Duddridge

David Duguid

Iain Duncan Smith

Philip Dunne

Mark Eastwood

Ruth Edwards

Michael Ellis

Natalie Elphicke

George Eustice

Luke Evans

David Evennett

Ben Everitt

Michael Fabricant

Laura Farris

Simon Fell

Katherine Fletcher

Mark Fletcher

Nick Fletcher

Vicky Ford

Kevin Foster

Mark Francois

Lucy Frazer

Mike Freer

Richard Fuller

Marcus Fysh

Mark Garnier

Nusrat Ghani

Nick Gibb

Peter Gibson

Jo Gideon

Cheryl Gillan

John Glen

Robert Goodwill

Michael Gove

Helen Grant

James Gray

Chris Grayling

Chris Green

Damian Green

Andrew Griffith

Kate Griffiths

James Grundy

Jonathan Gullis

Robert Halfon

Luke Hall

Matt Hancock

Greg Hands

Mark Harper

Rebecca Harris

Trudy Harrison

Sally-Ann Hart

Simon Hart

John Hayes

Chris Heaton-Harris

Gordon Henderson

Darren Henry

Antony Higginbotham

Richard Holden

Kevin Hollinrake

Philip Hollobone

Adam Holloway

Paul Holmes

John Howell

Paul Howell

Nigel Huddleston

Neil Hudson

Eddie Hughes

Jane Hunt

Jeremy Hunt

Tom Hunt

Alister Jack

Ranil Jayawardena

Bernard Jenkin

Mark Jenkinson

Andrea Jenkyns

Robert Jenrick

Boris Johnson

Caroline Johnson

Gareth Johnson

David Johnston

Andrew Jones

Fay Jones

David Jones

Marcus Jones

Simon Jupp

Daniel Kawczynski

Alicia Kearns

Gillian Keegan

Julian Knight

Greg Knight

Danny Kruger

Kwasi Kwarteng

John Lamont

Robert Largan

Pauline Latham

Andrea Leadsom

Ian Levy

Andrew Lewer

Brandon Lewis

Ian Liddell-Grainger

Chris Loder

Mark Logan

Marco Longhi

Julia Lopez

Jonathan Lord

Craig Mackinlay

Cherilyn Mackrory

Rachel Maclean

Alan Mak

Kit Malthouse

Anthony Mangnall

Scott Mann

Julie Marson

Jerome Mayhew

Paul Maynard

Jason McCartney

Karl McCartney

Stephen McPartland

Esther McVey

Mark Menzies

Johnny Mercer

Huw Merriman

Stephen Metcalfe

Robin Millar

Maria Miller

Amanda Milling

Nigel Mills

Andrew Mitchell

Gagan Mohindra

Damien Moore

Robbie Moore

Penny Mordaunt

Anne Marie Morris

David Morris

Joy Morrissey

Wendy Morton

Kieran Mullan

Holly Mumby-Croft

David Mundell

Sheryll Murray

Andrew Murrison

Lia Nici

Caroline Nokes

Jesse Norman

Neil O’Brien

Matthew Offord

Guy Opperman

Neil Parish

Priti Patel

Mark Pawsey

Mike Penning

John Penrose

Chris Philp

Christopher Pincher

Dan Poulter

Rebecca Pow

Victoria Prentis

Mark Pritchard

Tom Pursglove

Jeremy Quin

Will Quince

Dominic Raab

Tom Randall

John Redwood

Jacob Rees-Mogg

Nicola Richards

Angela Richardson

Rob Roberts

Laurence Robertson

Mary Robinson

Andrew Rosindell

Douglas Ross

Lee Rowley

Dean Russell

David Rutley

Gary Sambrook

Selaine Saxby

Paul Scully

Bob Seely

Andrew Selous

Grant Shapps

Alok Sharma

Alec Shelbrooke

David Simmonds

Chris Skidmore

Chloe Smith

Greg Smith

Henry Smith

Royston Smith

Amanda Solloway

Mark Spencer

Alexander Stafford

Andrew Stephenson

Jane Stevenson

Bob Stewart

Iain Stewart

Mel Stride

Graham Stuart

Julian Sturdy

Rishi Sunak

James Sunderland

Desmond Swayne

Robert Syms

Derek Thomas

Edward Timpson

Kelly Tolhurst

Justin Tomlinson

Michael Tomlinson

Craig Tracey

Anne-Marie Trevelyan

Laura Trott

Elizabeth Truss

Tom Tugendhat

Shailesh Vara

Martin Vickers

Matt Vickers

Theresa Villiers

Christian Wakeford

Robin Walker

Ben Wallace

Jamie Wallis

David Warburton

Matt Warman

Giles Watling

Suzanne Webb

Helen Whately

Heather Wheeler

Craig Whittaker

John Whittingdale

Bill Wiggin

James Wild

Craig Williams

Gavin Williamson

Mike Wood

William Wragg

Jacob Young

Nadhim Zahawi


Gregory Campbell

Jeffrey M Donaldson

Carla Lockhart

Ian Paisley

Gavin Robinson

Jim Shannon

Sammy Wilson


Julian Lewis

The consequences of breaking international law could be significant.

The government has been accused of risking the UK's reputation on the world stage and potentially jeopardising a US-UK trade deal.

As Theresa May pointed out last week: how can we negotiate trade deals with other countries if we can't be trusted to stick to agreements?

The Conversation (0)