Online magazine Spiked has ranked universities according to how much they are perceived to value free speech.
The magazine devised the rankings using a traffic light system: red represents universities whom Spiked say have banned and censored ideas on campus, amber universities that they say have "chilled free speech" and green represents those with a "hands off" approach to free speech. To compile the league table Spiked looked at the policies and actions of 115 universities. Eighty per cent of the institutions were marked red or orange.
The league table comes after a series of incidents at universities where guest speakers have had their talks cancelled following protests, most recently when comic Kate Smurthwaite claimed her gig at Goldsmith's had been cancelled after students objected to her views on prostitution.
These are the 23 best universities for free speech, according to Spiked, in alphabetical order.