Amid a plethora of reaction, with Boris Johnson and Emmanuel Macron pledging to renew efforts to prevent such tragedies, people have spoken out about the language used when talking about those involved in the tragedy, with people implying “migrants” is an offensive term.
Deputy leader of the Labour Party, Angela Rayner, said that “language matters”.
OK I'm going to say this one more time. The people in boats are Asylum Seekers (NOT migrants). Asylum Seekers are L… https://t.co/4INUcvTXGU
— Andy Davidson 🇬🇧🇪🇺🇫🇷Proud European do-gooder (@Andy Davidson 🇬🇧🇪🇺🇫🇷Proud European do-gooder)
27 migrants didn’t drown. 27 human beings did. Men, women, maybe even, heartbreakingly children. People like me, yo… https://t.co/HQFyjxdw3U
— Anna Yearley Carreira (@Anna Yearley Carreira)
The language used when referring to people in these situations has been debated extensively over the last few years. In 2015, news website al-Jazeera said it would no longer use the term migrant in its coverage, with an online editor for the network writing: “It has evolved from its dictionary definitions into a tool that dehumanises and distances, a blunt pejorative.”
Meanwhile, speaking to the BBC in the same year, Emma Briant, author of the book Bad News for Refugees, outlined the differences between the way people speak about migrants from the UK and from other countries. She said: “Very often when we talk about British people who migrate we tend to talk of them as expats or expatriates. They are not immigrants.”
Others still say the word is often used in tandem with the concept of illegality, while others say it indicates choice, despite many people being in unthinkable situations.
However, others disagree that migrant is in any way offensive. “It’s a proper description for anyone who has moved across a border,” Don Flynn from the Migrants Rights Network told the BBC.
A UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) blog in 2015 added: “We say ‘refugees and migrants’ when referring to movements of people by sea or in other circumstances where we think both groups may be present – boat movements in Southeast Asia are another example.
“We say ‘refugees’ when we mean people fleeing war or persecution across an international border. And we say ‘migrants’ when we mean people moving for reasons not included in the legal definition of a refugee.
“We hope that others will give thought to doing the same. Choices about words do matter.”