What we know about the men who attacked France this week

Police in Paris killed three men who carried out terrorist attacks on the French capital this week.

Brothers Cherif and Said Kouachi, who were responsible for the attack on satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo and Amedy Coulibaly who is suspected of killing a policewoman on Thursday and for carrying out the attack on a grocery store on Friday. In total, these three men are thought to be responsible for the deaths of 17 innocent people.

Questions are being asked about how the attackers, who had been on the radar of the intelligence services, managed to build up an arsenal of automatic rifles and explosives.

Links have now begun to emerge between the Islamists involved in the two sieges, pointing towards a planned jihad in the heart of Europe...

Amedy Coulibaly

Coulibaly with his girlfriend Hayet Boumedienne

Amedy Coulibaly is connected to Cherif Kouachi through Djamel Beghal, a senior al-Qaeda member and convicted terrorist.

Coulibaly, 32, was jailed for five years after being involved in a plot with Beghal to free Smain Ait al Belkacem, a former member of the Algerian Salafist GIA movement. Just before his arrest Coulibaly had met Nicolas Sarkozy in a conference at the Elysée Palace with disenfranchised young people. Afterwards Coulibaly said: “He impressed me. Whether you like him or not, he is the President.”

It is understood he had co-ordinated his attack with the two brothers on Wednesday.

Hayet Boumedienne

Hayet Boumedienne (pictured above, right), Coulibaly’s 26-year-old girlfriend who is still at large, had also met Beghal, according to reports in the French media. A manhunt is currently under way to track her down.

Kouachi brothers

Cherif Kouachi is a former pizza delivery worker who was imprisoned for 18 months in 2008 after trying to leave France to join Muslim fighters battling in Iraq. A French television documentary that portrayed Kouachi's abortive attempt to fight in Iraq suggested his radicalisation may have occurred well before he was behind bars.

Many French Muslims were infuriated by the 2003 US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq, the programme said, and by the negative consequences for Iraqis, ranging from the death of civilians to the abuse of detainees by American captors.

Footage included in the 2005 documentary, part of a prestigious French public television series entitled "Evidence for the Prosecution," showed Kouachi in 2004, when, according to the narrator, the young man in a black T-shirt with extremely close-cropped hair and a chunky wristwatch was more interested in pretty girls than going to the mosque. He appears relaxed and smiling as he jokes around with friends.

However, reports have emerged of the Kouachi's links with Beghal. Beghal, described as wielding huge influence over a close-knit group of disaffected young Muslims, was suspected of recruiting the shoe bomber Richard Reid and Zacarias Moussaoui, the “20th hijacker” in the 9/11 attack and had close links to radical preacher Abu Hamza - perviously based at Finsbury Park mosque and sentenced to life imprisonment in the US yesterday.

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