How to say 'Merry Christmas' in different countries across Europe

Jakub Marian

"Merry Christmas. Joyeux Noel. Feliz Navidad."

No matter what language you speak, the phrase 'Merry Christmas' warms the heart.

Although the aforementioned English, French and Spanish ways of saying the greeting are fairly well known, you might be interested in learning how to say it in Portuguese, Italian or German this year.

Thankfully, you don't need to consult a dictionary or a translation app - a map can do the job for you.

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Cartographer Jakub Marian has created a unique map that details how people greet each other at Christmas across the continent.

Take a look at his work below.

Picture:Picture: Jakub Marian

Just in case you prefer to read your languages in list form, here are all those that Jakub has included on the map:

  • Albanian: Gëzuar Krishtlindjet
  • Basque: Eguberri on
  • Belarusian: з Калядамі or з Божым Нараджэннем
  • Breton: Nedeleg laouen
  • Bulgarian: Весела Коледа or Честито Рождество Христово
  • Catalan: Bon Nadal
  • Croatian: Sretan Božić
  • Czech: Veselé Vánoce
  • Danish God jul or Glædelig jul
  • Dutch: Vrolijk Kerstfeest
  • English: Merry Christmas or Happy Christmas
  • Estonian: Häid jõule
  • Finnish: Hyvää joulua
  • Galician: Bo Nadal
  • German: Fröhliche Weihnachten or Frohe Weihnachten
  • Greek: Καλά Χριστούγεννα
  • Hungarian: Boldog karácsonyt
  • Icelandic: Gleðileg jól
  • Irish: Nollaig Shona + Dhuit (singular) or Daoibh (plural)
  • Italian: Buon Natale
  • Latvian: Priecīgus Ziemassvētkus
  • Lithuanian: Linksmų Kalėdų
  • Luxembourgish: Schéine Chrëschtdag
  • Macedonian: Среќен Божиќ or Христос се роди
  • Maltese: il-Milied it-Tajjeb
  • Norwegian: God jul
  • Northern Sami: Buorre juovla
  • Romanian: Crăciun fericit
  • Occitan: Bon Nadal
  • Polish: Wesołych Świąt (Bożego Narodzenia)
  • Portuguese: Feliz Natal
  • Russian: с Рождеством (Христовым)
  • Scottish Gaelic: Nollaig Chridheil
  • Serbian: Srećan Božić or Hristos se rodi
  • Sardinian: Bona Pasca de Nadale
  • Slovak: Veselé Vianoce
  • Slovene: Vesel božič
  • Spanish: Feliz Navidad
  • Swedish: God jul
  • Ukrainian: з Різдвом (Христовим)
  • Welsh: Nadolig Llawen
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