The Confederate flag was made to represent the Southern states who fought to preserve slavery during America’s civil war, and is widely seen as a nod to an era of racial discrimination, the Ku Klux Klan and the violent era of Jim Crow.
It is a flag steeped in racism and racist hate, with ADL, the leading anti-hate organisation in America writing: “While a number of non-extremists still use the flag as a symbol of Southern heritage or pride, there is growing recognition, especially outside the South, that the symbol is offensive to many Americans.
However, because of the continued use of the flag by non-extremists, one should not automatically assume that display of the flag is racist or white supremacist in nature.
The Confederate flag is associated with white supremacy outside of America, with right-wing pockets across Europe, including Poland, waving the flag as a form of white pride.
In fact, in Germany, white supremacists display the Confederate flag as a proxy for the Nazi swastika, which is banned in the country.